HD photographs of Jules Ferry monument in Jardin des Tuileries - Page 677
e were in the 1st Arrondissement of Paris at the Jardin des Tuileries when we took these high definition photos showing the Monument to Jules Ferry, which was sculpted by Gustave Michel.
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This first HD photo shows the Monument to Jules Ferry, which is located in a section of the Tuileries Gardens on the northern side called the Esplanade des Feuillants with a part of the Musee du Louvre behind, that was, as you can see, undergoing restoration works at the time.
And here you can see the major part of the monument with a statue of Jules Ferry standing at a podium depicting him giving a speech with two females and a young boy below, which was designed by the architect Charles Blondel and executed by the French sculptor Gustave Michel.
Now this close up image shows the name of Jules Ferry inscribed in the pedestal of the monument along with his years of birth and death, 1832 to 1893, plus he was the French Prime Minister on two separate occasions during the Third Republic, and although he is recognised yet condemned for his colonial efforts, it is the aspects of education and the laws he put in place that Jules Ferry is most recognised for.
Initially Jules Ferry studied law and was called to the bar in Paris in 1854, however, he went into politics and being a republican statesman, he promoted laicism, which is a political system that excludes ecclesiastical control, in other words, secular, or not controlled by the church or clergy.
Also Jules Ferry wanted an education system that would be available to all, and in 1881 he came up with what became known as the Jules Ferry Laws, which established free education provided by the state, followed by mandatory education and then secular education in 1882, because during the Third Republic it had been hoped this would help workers, hence why you can see a worker in this photo, although this is sometimes referred to as the Genie of the Republic.
So Jules Ferry, the face of which you can see in this close up photograph, also made it compulsory for both boys and girls to receive an education and in his different articles laid down exact criteria that all primary school children would have to follow, yet still specified that there should be one day a week where parents could let their children study religion.
However, he also wished for a unified French language throughout France, which many have condemned due to the fact that this almost caused some of the regional languages to become virtually extinct, but he was respected for the Jules Ferry Laws on education, yet it was the Tonkin Affair, which was a major political crisis during the Sino-French war, that led to his downfall.
But getting back to the Jules Ferry Monument, it was through the actions of an association created by Jean Mace in 1866 during the Second Empire called the League of Education that a monument was to become possible to celebrate his academic work, after he implemented a subscription to raise money for this.
And here you can see a plaque located on the back of the Monument to Jules Ferry, which when generally translated into English reads:
This monument was raised by national subscription opened by the French League of Education where two million children from secular schools will each contribute one penny.
It was actually 25 years after the Jules Ferry laws had been passed and secular education for girls and boys had been adopted that there was an initial event organised with hundreds of school children and dignitaries that marched along the Rue de Rivoli to the Jardin des Tuileries for a ceremony where the first stone of this monument was laid.
So this enormous Monument to Jules Ferry was initially designed by the architect Charles Blundel and it was produced by the sculptor Gustave Michel who were both present at the initial ceremony along with the widow of Jules Ferry, the president and former president of the French League of Education and many dignitaries and politicians such as Andre Joseph Lefevre and Armand Bernard, etc.
Now here you can see just some of the ornate detailing that went into the Monument to Jules Ferry by Gustave Michel, with this image showing the worker, or the Genie of the Republic holding a flag and a branch of peace, which is what this part of the monumental statue is sometimes referred to as.
Yet this close up image shows the two dates located on the base of the statue, which represent the year this monument was started in 1906 and the year it was completed in 1910, with the next panel inscribed with the name G Michel, who was the well respected sculptor of this.
In fact it was inaugurated in the afternoon of the 20th November 1910, and in French sometimes called Le Monument en l'Honneur de Jules Ferry or Monument a Jules Ferry, at the time of the official ceremony, again there were many dignitaries including council ministers, the president of the French Senate, etc along with school children who sang the hymn to freedom, plus the French Republican Guard who played Marseillaise.
So this next high definition photo shows the plaque located on the pedestal base of the Monument a Jules Ferry, which as you can see states that this was made of stone, which is the word pierre in French, and was sculpted by Gustave Michel who was born in Paris in 1851, passing away in the same city in 1924.
And again this image shows a different angle of the Jules Ferry Monument, which took for years to complete, and initially Gustave Michel had entered the ecole des Beaux Arts to study sculpture under Francois Jouffroy, first getting recognised at the Parison Salon for French artists in 1875, from then on receiving several public commissions.
Gustave Michel received commissions for many different tourist attractions in Paris including the Pont Alexandre III, the Pont de Bir-Hakeim, the Sacre Coeur and of course this one within the Tuileries Gardens, yet many of his works can also be found within museums in France such as the Musee d'Orsay, also being awarded a Knight then Officer of The Legion of Honour.
But this last image shows the monumental statue located on the Esplanade des Feuillants within the Jardin des Tuileries in the 1st Arrondissement, and we took this photo as though we were looking towards the Place de la Concorde, which means that the Terrasse des Feuillants and the famous Rue de Rivoli, constructed during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte are to the right hand side
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