History of Paris France - Page 1
With the history of Paris dating back to the fourth millennium BC there is so much that you can discover when you are on holiday in Paris that includes the war and military history at places like the Musee de l’Armee through to the history of communications at the Eiffel Tower, plus with the rich history of France and Paris in general, there are numerous buildings, artefacts, documents and archives that can all be discovered, no matter what your passion.
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The history of the Eiffel Tower starts back in 1889 when the Journel Officiel launched a competition to study the possibility of erecting an iron tower on the Champ de Mars as a monument for the centenary of the French Revolution.
Les Invalides in Paris is a popular place to visit when on holiday in Paris, and not only do you get to see this impressive building but you can also visit the Tomb of Napoleon within a circular crypt in the Eglise du Dome at Les Invalides.
The first real beginnings of what was to become the most famous museum in the world was back in the 1600s, and today the Musee du Louvre is the most visited of all museums in Paris and is unrivalled in its art collections.
The Hotel National des Invalides has a fascinating history and is a great place to visit whilst on holiday in Paris as there are lots of different sections and Paris museums all combined within the one place, including Napoleons tomb.
It all started in the Middle Ages near the end of the 12th century were originally the Louvre was a fortress, then it was turned into a Royal Palace and then it became a museum, and today, the Musee du Louvre is the most famous of all museums in Paris and it is the most visited museum in the world.
The Notre Dame de Paris is a impressive medieval gothic building located on the Ile de la Cite island in the middle of the River Seine in Paris, which has a fascinating rich history that includes the development of its remarkable architecture, and the major restorations that have taken place over the years, means that the Notre Dame Cathedral now celebrates 850 years in 2013.
The Pantheon over the years has become a famous burial place with many influential people having been entombed here, but it is far more than that, as it was one of the most important architectural achievements of its time and is one of the great neoclassical monuments in Paris today.
During the One Hundred Year war between France and England in the 1300s, where unfortunately France was defeated at Poitiers in the Poitou-Charents region, it was decided that a fortress was needed in order to protect the city of Paris.
The Colonne de Juillet, or July Column as it is known, is one of the monuments in Paris that you can visit today and it is located in the Place de la Bastille square, which has a rich history from the Bastille fortress to the Storming of the Bastille and the French Revolution.
Originally a group of people came together in the 1960s discussing the idea of building a new Paris Opera House, as they felt there was a need for a more modern theatre that would appeal to the masses, rather than the elaborate building that houses the Opera Garnier.
When you start looking in to some of the facts on the Eiffel Tower you soon start to realise how much of an engineering achievement this was, like the total number of iron parts used was 18,038 held together by 2,500,000 rivets.
Jean Moulin was born in the June of 1899 and is most well known for his efforts within the French Resistance during World War II, until the June of 1943 when he was arrested along with many of his comrades and then tortured by Klaus Barbie.
Born in the November of 1902 Philippe de Hauteclocque was destined for an incredible military career including graduating from the Saint-Cyr Military Academy and choosing to join the cavalry, and then went on to becoming instrumental in the Liberation of Paris during World War II.
By 1943 General de gaulle had placed General Philippe Leclerc in charge of training the 2nd Armoured Division, then later at the end of 1943, this division was chosen for the liberation of Paris which happened in the August of 1944.
The Arc de Triomphe in Paris has become one of the most famous monuments in Paris and is probably the most well known of all triumphal arches in the world, and has some fascinating history and facts behind its construction.
It was then decided in 1918 that the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier would be buried underneath the arc, plus in 1923 the Eternal Flame was lite also in remembrance of people who had fought for France over the years.
In the year 1616, Marie de Medici who was the wife of King Henry IV, decided to clear some of these fields and extend the garden of the Palais des Tuileries by making an avenue that would be planted with trees.
You can find the Sacre Coeur Basilica in the 18th arrondissement of Paris in the Montmartre area, which has a lot of rich history going back through the centuries, plus has had visitors like Saint Germain and Saint Joan of Arc.
The history of La Conciergerie and Ile de la Cite island is fascinating, as it has been inhabited well before Roman times, but it was in the 6th century that the French King, called Clovis, decided to have a royal residence built on the island.
The actual history of the Musee d’Orsay is fascinating and this museum in Paris has been designed in such a way as to encompass the architecture of the original building, which today has also been classified as an historical monument in Paris within its own right.
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