Public holidays in France are known as Jours Feries and below we have listed the standard National French Holidays, including some of the more obvious ones, but have also listed some of the French holidays you may not know.
* To start with you have 1st January, or New Years Day.
* The next is Easter Monday, April 21st 2014, but there is only one region in France that celebrates Good Friday, April 18th 2014, which is the Alsace region, which of course is completely different to the UK where both the Friday and the Monday are always public holidays.
* The next we know as May Day, and the 1st May is known in France as Labour Day or Fete du Travail, but it is always on the 1st and not necessarily a Bank Holiday Monday like the UK.
* Then you have the Victory day on 8th May, which is in remembrance of the Armistice in World War II on that day in 1945 when Charles de Gaulle declared the end of the war and pronounced the freedom of France from Nazi oppression, however it was not until the 1950s that this day became a national holiday, as before that the major celebrations took place on armistice Day in November.
* Ascension Day, or Ascension Thursday as it is also known, is always held on a Thursday on the 40th day after Easter and is on the 29th May.
* Whit Monday or Pentecost Monday is a national holiday celebrated in most European countries and always falls on the Monday after the Pentecost and because it is related to Easter, just like the Ascension Day, it changes each year, so for 2014 it will fall on June 9th.
* You then have 14th July, which is known as National Day, but in French it is known as La Fete Nationale or Le Quatorze Juillet, but many will known this day as Bastille Day and on this particular day many celebrations are held all over France and especially within major cities. Yet the most phenomenal has got to be Paris, where there is even a spectacular fireworks display conducted at the Eiffel Tower, which of course is the most well known landmark in Paris, France, but this day is recognised as the anniversary of the Storming of the Bastille, which was the prison located at the Bastille Square in Paris.
* Assumption Day, or Feast of Assumption is a Public holiday in many different countries, especially those that have a Roman Catholic influence such as France, Belgium, Italy, Greece and Spain. This falls on the 15th August and countries hold processions and many different festivities including fireworks, etc.
* There is another National French holiday on All Saints day, which in France can also be called Toussaint and is a Christian holiday celebrated on 1st November to feast for the saints, yet the day after, even though this is not a national holiday, this is known as the All Souls Day where people pray for those departed souls.
* Armistice day is also known as Remembrance Day and in France this is celebrated on 11th November no matter what day this falls on, whereas in the UK we think of it more as Remembrance Sunday. Across France there are many military parades and ceremonies such as in the Normandy region due to the D-Day landing beaches and the many memorials and war veterans come from far and wide to attend these celebrations, and in Paris at the Arc de Triomphe there is a major parade and a ceremony with wreaths laid at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. This day is to commemorate the armistice treaty signed by Allies during World War I at the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11 month in 1918, which marked the end of World War I and you will experience a two minute silence in memory of those who died for their country, conducted at 11am.
* The last, but definitely not least, is Christmas day, although we would like to point out that many places in Europe do celebrate their Christmas day on what we in the UK class as Christmas Eve. So, this can get a little confusing, because many places in France and throughout Europe will be closed on 24th December as well as the 25th December.
* But, there is also Boxing day on 26th December, which is also known as St Stephens Day and although this is not an official National French holiday, it is still widely celebrated in France and Europe and therefore many businesses will still close on this day. Yet incredibly, this particular day has different meanings depending upon the country and for some it is still remembered as the day that gifts were given to servants for their work throughout the year or where people would go door to door asking for donations, and yet today it more related to visiting friends or holding a party.
Now there are a couple of additional points we would like to mention..
When a public holiday falls on a Sunday, in the UK you still get the Monday as the holiday, however, the majority of European countries such as France do not do this, although in some of the smaller towns and villages everything will still shut for street market style celebrations.
Festivals and events in France
In addition to the National French holidays, there are specific events that are held each year at set times in different regions of France, which means that almost everything will be shut at that time. To give some examples, you have the ham fair in Bayonne within the Aquitaine region, a classical music festival is held in the Ile de France region, an agricultural festival is held in Arras in the Nord Pas de Calais Region and a festival celebrating the middle ages is held in the Languedoc Roussillon region.
Many festivals, or fetes as they are called in French, are held from the end of May to the end of September when the weather is better for outdoor activities and the Fete de la Musique is a popular music festival that is held throughout France in the June of each year. Wine festivals are also held at specific times within the wine growing regions of France such as Bordeaux or Burgundy.
There are of course many other festivals and traditional fetes that occur throughout France each year, with some of them even dating back to the 1800s, so it is always worth checking if there are any celebrations that will be happening whilst you are on holiday in France.
There are also many different events organised at specific times of the year, just like the Christmas markets at places such as Strasbourg in the Alsace region or the Paris Plage during August, which is a beach area that is set up with activities, a true beach and swimming, for those of you in the capital city of France in the height of summer.
We would also like to mention that many European countries like Spain and France often have a summer break that coincides with the school holidays and many places will actually close for a minimum of two weeks during the month of August. This means that many factories and small family run businesses will close during this time, but it also means that even garages that do repairs, some restaurants and even certain hotels, etc will also be closed including in some of the major cities such as Paris.
Also, when it comes to any holiday or festivals you will find that most petrol stations will be closed, so if you are driving in France, do make sure that you have a chip and pin card that will be accepted at an automated pump if you need to fill up, otherwise you will end up being rather stuck!
But putting these points to one side, being able to experience some of the different festivals throughout France or events that take place, just like the Paris Plage in Paris or the Tour de France famous cycle race, are an experience you will never forget and can make your holiday even more enjoyable.
- Heritage Days in Paris
- Taking A Holiday In Paris The Capital City Of France
- French Markets In France
- French Christmas Markets and Christmas Shopping in France
- Holidays in Paris
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French holidays and National holidays in France 2014
Every country has National Holidays and there will be different celebrations at different times of the year depending on what country you are going to be visiting, but this does mean that you may be able to see some fabulous festivals.
However, it is also important to note that virtually all shops and even petrol stations will be closed on National holidays throughout Europe unless you are travelling along the autoroutes or toll roads in France.
So when you are thinking about taking a holiday in Paris, or anywhere in France for that matter, then it is wise to check if there are any festivals, National Holidays or Heritage Days that you may encounter.